Blackheads (comedones) are small black or yellow spots that usually occur as a result of clogging of pores on the skin. The most common areas are the T zone, where there are more oil glands, such as the nose, forehead and chin. However, blackheads can also appear on other parts of the body. Blackheads are more common, especially in people with oily skin type and during periods of hormonal changes.

Several factors may be effective in the formation of blackheads:

Regular skin cleansing: Cleanse your skin at least twice a day, in the morning and evening.
Professional treatments: If you are having trouble removing blackheads, you can get help from professional treatments by contacting a dermatologist or expert esthetician. These may include chemical peels, microdermabrasion or various cleansing procedures.
Take a controlled steam bath to open the pores: Taking a steam bath with hot water can help open the pores.
Peel: You can use a mild peeling product regularly to cleanse your skin of dead cells.
Use oil-free products: When choosing skin care products and make-up products, choose oil-free products that do not clog pores.
UV protection: Protect your skin with sunscreen products before going out in the sun, as sun damage can increase the formation of blackheads.

A regular skin care routine and a clean lifestyle are important to prevent and keep blackheads under control. Also, avoiding high-fat products may help.

Remember, skin health and care may be different for each individual. If you are concerned about your blackheads or would like more information about treatment methods, it is important to seek help from a dermatologist and expert esthetician.